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Quick reference guide for terms that may be used in class descriptions or presentations




Acano Conferencing,  Stay connected and get things done with team tools everyone can use.  A single license provides audio, video and web capabilities, along with access on multiple devices.  All the team tools you need in one place for face-to-face video meetings, then afterwards chat messages are an easy way to keep conversations going across phone, tablet, and desktop.  (Cost for software, but one license for unlimited devices.)


Adobe Acrobat:  Desktop software that is purchased with more advanced features than Adobe Reader, like creating and editing PDFs, merging files, converting PDFs to other formats, etc.  Adobe Acrobat is a set of application software developed by Adobe Systems to view, create, manipulate, print and manage files in Portable Document Format (PDF files).  (Cost for software.)


Adobe Flash Player:  This application is freeware software for the internet that allows us to view multimedia (animations, designs, etc.), to stream video and audio, and execute application user interfaces across all browsers and platforms to deliver high-impact, rich Web content.  (Cost:  Free download.)


Adobe Premier Elements:  Desktop software for video editing that is cheaper that Premier Pro.  This entry-level version is available for the consumer market on Windows and Mac.  (Cost for software.)


Adobe Reader:  Adobe Reader software is free and has been the global standard for electronic document sharing.  It was the only PDF file viewer that can open and interact with all PDF documents.   Adobe Reader is used mostly to view and print PDFs, but it might be used to also search, digitally sign, verify, and collaborate on Adobe PDF files.  (Alternative choice:  There is another free one that some prefer, Nitro Reader, that has a free download for at or


Adobe Photoshop:  Desktop software that is purchased with more advanced features than the online version of Photoshop Express at  (Cost for software.  Free alternative:  Pixlr is a free download for PCs or mobile apps at


Adobe Shockwave Player:  It is a multimedia platform used to add animation and interactivity to web pages.  This application gives access to online learning applications, interactive product demonstrations, and 3D games and entertainment.  Shockwave Player displays Web content that has been created by Adobe Director.  (Cost:  Free download at;1.)


ALEKS (Math),  ALEKS is available for a variety of subjects and courses in K-12 with individualized assessment and learning for grades 3-12.  Our district uses it for elementary math.  Assessment and LEarning in Knowledge Spaces is a web-based, artificially intelligent assessment and learning system.  ALEKS is a Research-Based Online Math Program with fully bilingual courses available in English and Spanish.  (Cost for district usage.)


Android Devices:  Android is an operating system for mobile devices that includes middleware, and key applications.  It is used on some smartphones, tablet computers, e-readers like Nook.  (Costs for devices vary.)


Animoto:  Animoto is a web application that produces videos from photos, video clips and music.  Insert photos and videos by uploading from your computer, Facebook, Instagram, Picasa, Flickr, etc.  Select a video style, add words and music, then watch and share.  Animoto analyzes the provided photos, video clips and music to generate a video similar to a trailer.  This can be done using home computers, iPhones, and Androids.  Videos can be easily uploaded to YouTube.  (Cost:  “Animoto for Education” program:  Educators can apply for a free Animoto Plus account for use in the classroom at  For personal usage, it is free for 30 second videos with limited styles.  Pricing plan for more at options at


Apple Keynote:  Keynote is an application to create presentations for the iPad and then share them.  (Cost:  It is available for $9.99 in the Apple App store.)


Apple TV:  Apple TV is a digital media receiver developed and sold by Apple Inc.  It is a small form factor network appliance designed to play digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Hulu Plus, YouTube, Flickr, iCloud,, NBA League Pass, NHL GameCenter, or any Mac OS X or Windows computer running iTunes on an enhanced-definition or high-definition widescreen television.  (Cost:  Initial cost for receiver and ongoing variable costs for some of the digital content.)


Apple’s iDevices:  iDevice in its widest sense, is an unofficial general term that can refer to any mobile electronic devices marketed by Apple Inc. that start with "i", such as the iPod (including the iPod Touch), iPhone, and iPad, or more specifically any of their devices (sometimes then referred to as iOS devices) that use the iOS operating system, this usually means the portable devices (the iPod Touch, iPhone, and iPad), but can also include the non-portable Apple TV device (only the 2nd or 3rd generation, which use a version of iOS).  (Cost:  Initial cost for each device, then ongoing variable costs for some of the digital content and/or connectivity to internet and/or cell phone companies.)


Apple’s iPad:  It is a line of tablet computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc., which runs Apple's iOS operating system.  The user interface is built around the device's multi-touch screen, including a virtual keyboard.  The iPad has built-in Wi-Fi and, on some models, cellular connectivity.  An iPad can shoot video, take photos, play music, and perform online functions such as web-browsing and emailing.  Other functions—games, reference, GPS navigation, social networking, etc.—can be enabled by downloading and installing apps.  (Cost:  Initial cost for device, then ongoing variable costs for connectivity to internet and applications.)


Apple’s iPod:  The iPod is a line of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc.  Like other digital music players, iPods can serve as external data storage devices.  Storage capacity varies by model, ranging from 2 GB to 160 GB.  (Cost:  Initial cost for device, then ongoing costs for audio content.)


Apple’s iBooks Author:  Free software for Apple products to create interactive engaging multimedia books and textbooks for iOS devices.  One can easily build a multi-touch book with galleries, video, interactive diagrams, 3D objects, and more.  (Cost:  If you have a MAC computer to use it on, free download at


Application:  A software program that runs on a computer, e.g. web browsers, e-mail programs, word processors, games and utilities.


ArcGIS:  Esri's ArcGIS is a geographic information system (GIS) for working with maps and geographic information.  It is used for creating and using maps, compiling geographic data, analyzing mapped information, sharing and discovering geographic information, using maps and geographic information in a range of applications, and managing geographic information in a database.  (Cost:  See free trial offer at


ArcGIS Story Map,  Story Maps harness the power of maps and geography to tell a story by combining web maps with narrative text, images, and multimedia content.  Story maps use an interactive builder that guides you through the process of authoring a story.  A free ArcGIS Online Public Account is an individual account and not associated with a commercial organization, so teachers and students can use Public Accounts to learn about GIS.  It gives them access to a limited set of functionality for creating and sharing maps.  You can be kept private or be shared by embedding them in web pages, blogs, configurable web application templates, story map templates, or by simply e-mailing a link.  (Cost:  free online service.)


AudioBoom,  Free app to share audio content online.  (Cost: free app.


Augmented Reality:  Coined in the 1990s, “augmented-reality” describes any technology that overlays digital interfaces onto the physical world.  (A common example would be the graphics showing plays on the TV football replays.)  Digital information is overlayed on an image of something being viewed through a device (as a smartphone camera).  The end user must download a software application (app) or browser plug-in in order to experience augmented reality.  AR apps are changing the way educational content is offered which helps to improve classroom learning through interaction.  Five possibilities are GeoGoggle (geography skills), Google Sky Map (astronomy), FETCH!  Lunch Rush (math), Zoo Burst (digital storybooks), and Acrossair browser that carry apps that expand AR.  (,  (Cost:  many free apps.)


AUP – Acceptable Use Policy:  An agreement that outlines appropriate use of the Internet.  This agreement used to be signed by students, parents, and teachers, but is now simply posted on WCSD district website along with our other policies.




Blended Learning:  Blended learning is a form of education that combines face-to-face classroom methods with computer-mediated activities.  According to its proponents, the strategy creates a more integrated approach for both instructors and students.  Often the student has some control over time, place, path, and/or pace.


Blendspace,  Blendspace is free and easy-to-use as a platform for creating multimedia lessons that kids can access online.  These can help with project-based learning, differentiated instruction, flipped classrooms, etc.  Teachers can organize by collecting web resources in one place and share with just one link.  Using a drag-and-drop interface, you can organize videos, text, links, images, and quizzes into cubes, then organize them to create lessons, or "canvases," for your students to complete independently.  Content can be pulled from YouTube, Google, Flickr, and other online sources, as well as your own computer, Dropbox, or Google Drive.  Students can then move through the content in a linear fashion, responding to prompts in a sidebar comment area or taking quizzes along the way.  They can also create their own lessons that can be private or shared, or remix a lesson.  Teachers can measure student understanding with built-in quizzes, and they can track to monitor student progress.  With a free teacher account, you can create unlimited classes of up to 35 students (perhaps more).  To join a class, students use a join code that you provide.  (Cost:  free.)


Blogging:  A blog is a discussion site or informational that may be done by one person or several.  A majority are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments.  In a sense, blogging can be seen as a form of social networking.  “Blogger” is the most popular blogging service used today.  (Free.  Learn about the features and sign up at


Browser:  A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing, viewing, retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.  The major web browsers using client software to provide an interface to the World Wide Web are Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Safari.




Cache (pronounced "cash"):  There are various types of caches but they all serve the same purpose – storing recently-used information in a place where it can be accessed extremely fast, e.g. a Web browser like Internet Explorer uses a browser cache to store the text and images of recently visited Web sites, or a disk cache stores information you have recently read from your hard disk in the computer's RAM.


Canvas K-12:  An online program by Instructure with an easy-to-use interface that bundles many things for class management for teachers:  simple course creation and management, assessments, measuring and reporting state standards, messaging, calendaring, learning analytics, and grading.  One can quickly build a virtual classroom where you can share your content effectively and easily with your students. One can insert audio, video, text, images, and more.  You can learn how to maximize the Calendar, Syllabus, and Gradebook tools.  There is mobile access for teachers and students.  (Cost:  There is a free, two-week trial account, then a fee.  Free alternative being used by WCSD is Moodle at


CD-Rom:  It is a pre-pressed compact disc which contains data.  The name is an acronym which stands for "Compact Disc Read-only memory."  Computers can read CD-ROMs, but cannot write on them.  CD-ROMs are popularly used to distribute computer software, including video games and multimedia applications, though any data can be stored (up to the capacity limit of a disc).  CD-ROMs are identical in appearance to audio CDs, and data are stored and retrieved in a very similar manner.  (Costs vary, but relatively cheap.)


Chromebook:  It is a personal computer running Google Chrome OS as its operating system.  It looks like a laptop.  The devices are designed to be used while connected to the Internet and support applications that reside on the Web, rather than traditional PC applications like Microsoft Office and Photoshop that reside on the machine itself.  Chromebooks are primarily designed to be used while connected to the Internet.  Instead of installing traditional applications such as word processing and instant messaging, users add web apps from the Chrome Web Store.  Google claims that a multi-layer security architecture eliminates the need for anti-virus software.  Support for many USB devices such as cameras, mice, external keyboards and flash drives is included, utilizing a feature similar to plug-and-play on other operating systems.  (Cost for laptop.  Learn more at


CK-12,  Free online resources from a California-based non-profit organization whose stated mission is to reduce the cost of, and increase access to, K-12 education in the United States and worldwide.  Tools and Apps:

CK-12 Practice App, Available for iPhone, iPad, and Android devices,  Apps to work with Google Classroom, Blackboard, Canvas, Clever, Nearpod, and Edmodo Math and Science Practice Apps.  Braingenie sharpens problem-solving skills.  FlexMath has high-quality math resources to learn, practice, and analyze.  Stoodle is a virtual whiteboard that makes it easy to learn from and teach fellow peers online.  For iPad (in landscape mode) and desktop browsers!  Can use voice conferencing and text chat.  Work can be stored for future access.  (Cost:  free.)


Class Dojo,  Free online resource for simple, positive classroom management, and parent engagement.  Customize ClassDojo to work for your classroom.  You can easily encourage students, complimenting their teamwork, their participation, perseverance, etc.  Easily engage parents by instant messages, photos, announcements.  You get notices that parents have read your messages.   (Cost:  free.)


Clicker system:  Hardware-based audience response to create interactivity between a teacher and students.  In educational settings, such systems are often called "student response systems" or "personal response systems."  A question is asked, students respond by pushing a key, the answer is sent to a receiver with audience response software collecting the results and may be delivered to the teacher’s computer.  (Costs for devices vary.)


Cloud Computing:  Using computing resources (hardware and software) to have a service delivered over a network (typically the Internet).


Common Core Standards:  Utah is one of over 40 states and territories that have agreed to transition their core standards for English Language Arts and Mathematics to a set of standards common to all states.  This "Common Core" initiative is organized and supported by the National Governor's Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO).  UEN has much info at


copyright law:  An individual is generally liable for his or her own violation of another’s copyright.  Proper Use of Copyrighted Material – You may use copyrighted material only under one of the following circumstances:

·        Fair Use – Allows certain use of copyrighted materials without permission

·        Permission – Requires written authorization from owner

·        License – Requires entering into a license agreement with the copyright holder

·        Assignment – Transfer of intellectual property rights in a particular work

(More info at


COWS:  Computers on Wheels is a mobile laptop cart allowing computers to be moved easily between classrooms.  (Cost:  heavy lockable storage cart on wheels which have room for several laptops and a charging station for each one.)


CPU:  The Central Processing Unit, also known as the processor, is the 'brain' of a computer, handling all the processes and calculations.


CSIP – (Comprehensive School Improvement Plan).  School districts are required to have a Comprehensive School Improvement Plan (CSIP) on file with their state Department of Education that identifies how the district intends to pursue improving learning and teaching over a five year period.  (Cost:  none.)


Culturegrams,  Free online resource as part of UEN’s Pioneer Library that is an online database including World, Kids, States, and Provinces editions, plus a worldwide photo gallery, unlimited printing rights, and much more.  It has concise, reliable, and up-to-date reports on more than 200 countries, each U.S. state, and all 13 Canadian provinces and territories.  It goes beyond mere facts and figures to deliver an insider's perspective on daily life and culture, including the history, customs, and lifestyles of the world's people.  (Cost:  free.)




Diigo:  Diigo is much more than a simple web annotation or social bookmarking service.  It is a new kind of online research and collaborative research tool that integrates tags and folders, highlighting and clipping, sticky notes, and group-based collaboration, enabling a whole new process of online knowledge management, learning, and teaching in the information age.  (Costs vary with the various plans, and one of them has no cost.  There is also an Education Basic Plan as well for either a domain or a teacher, who can create students accounts.


digitizing:  The term is often used to describe the scanning of analog sources (such as printed photos or taped videos) into computers for editing.  Digitizing is the primary way of storing images in a form suitable for transmission and computer processing, whether scanned from two-dimensional analog originals or captured using an image sensor-equipped device such as a digital camera, tomographical instrument such as a CAT scanner, or acquiring precise dimensions from a real-world object, such as a car, using a 3D scanning device.  Digitizing means simply capturing an analog signal in digital form.  Digitizing or digitization is the representation of an object, image, sound, document or a signal (usually an analog signal) by a discrete set of its points or samples.  The result is called “digital representation” or, more specifically, a digital image, for the object, and digital form, for the signal.


Dojo:  see Class Dojo.


Dropbox:  A popular website for free online storage with free file sharing.  (Free download for Windows, Mac, Linux, and Mobile at


document cameras:  Document cameras, also known as visual presenters, digital overheads, or docucams, are real-time image capture devices for displaying an object to a large audience.  Like an opaque projector, a document camera is able to magnify and project the images of actual, three-dimensional objects, as well as transparencies.  They are, in essence, high resolution web cams, mounted on arms so as to facilitate their placement over a page.  This allows a teacher, lecturer or presenter to write on a sheet of paper or to display a two or three-dimensional object while the audience watches.  Theoretically, all objects can be displayed by a document camera.  Most objects are simply placed under the camera.  The camera takes the picture which in turn produces a live picture using a projector.  (Costs for devices vary.)


DVD Flick: DVD Flick aims to be a simple but at the same time powerful DVD Authoring tool.  It can take a number of video files stored on your computer and turn them into a DVD that will play back on your DVD player, Media Center or Home Cinema Set.  You can add additional custom audio tracks, subtitles as well as a menu for easier navigation.  (Cost:  Free downloads at;1 or




eBeam,  Interactive whiteboard technology with several great products?

eBeam Edge:  With eBeam Edge and a projector, any flat surface can be transformed into an interactive white board space.  You can mark up documents, manipulate live content, and turn dull meetings or lessons into dynamic ones.

eBeam Engage:  With built-in JBL speakers and microphone, one-touch recording and wireless keyboard, Engage turns any flat surface into an interactive, multimedia environment.

Equil Smartpen 2:  changes handwritten notes to text.  As you write it captures your notes digitally for storage.  When the pen isn't paired with a phone, tablet, or computer, it stores your notes in memory for later uploading.  It stores notes in a small receiver that clips to the top of your paper, notebook, or whatever. (Costs for devices varies.)


EBSCOhost:  EBSCOhost databases and discovery technologies are the most-used, premium online information resources for tens of thousands of institutions worldwide, representing millions of end-users.  (Cost:  Available for free to Utah citizens through Pioneer Library at


Edivate,  A new name for a new professional learning system with more content that just videos, since it offers transcripts of videos, downloadable lesson plans and study guides, and more.  Learning Resources give thousands of the very best resources to help create a very personalized learning experience for every educator.   It’s a great way for peers and teams to collaborate online.   There are simple management tools to help administrators create individual and system-wide professional learning plans. (Costs for devices varies.)


ELL:  English Language Learners


ELMO:  This is a commonly known brand of document camera, but there are many other brands to consider, like Samsung, WolfVison, Lumens, HoverCam, etc.  (Costs for devices vary.)


eBooks:  These are "an electronic version of a printed book," but e-books can and do exist without any printed equivalent.  They are book-length publications in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, and produced on, published through, and readable on computers or other electronic devices.  They can also be called “digital book” or “e-edition.”  (Costs vary from free to minimal costs online.)


eBook readers:  These are mobile electronic devices that are designed primarily for the purpose of reading digital e-books and periodicals.  Any device that can display text on a screen may act as an e-book reader, but specialized e-book reader designs may optimize portability, readability (especially in sunlight), and battery life for this purpose.  A single e-book reader is capable of holding the digital equivalent of hundreds of printed texts with no added bulk or measurable mass.  (Costs for devices vary.)


eMedia:  eMedia is a large collection (over 19,000 resources!) of video and other educational media free for Utah's educators, students and citizen learners.  eMedia allows you to search for content, preview it and then download the media for on demand use.  eMedia includes:

·        videos licensed by the Utah Instructional Media Consortium

·        local programs from KUED-7

·        national PBS programs

·        other trusted education partners

(Cost:  free to Utah citizens.  You can access eMedia by logging into Pioneer Online Library and clicking on "eMedia"  There are video tutorials at


ESL:  English as a Second Language Learners


external storage:  These devices are not permanently fixed inside a computer, do not need to have a permanent connection to the computer, but offer extra storage space, can be used for data back up, or to temporarily store information for transporting from computer to computer.  Some forms are hard disk drive (HDD), solid storage (flash drives, memory cards and sticks), optical storage devices (CD, DVD), and magnetic storage (cassette tapes and floppy disks).  (Costs for devices vary.)


e-learning:  E-learning refers to the use of electronic media and information and communication technologies (ICT) in education.  E-learning can occur in or out of the classroom.  It can be self-paced, asynchronous learning or may be instructor-led, synchronous learning.  E-learning includes numerous types of media that deliver text, audio, images, animation, and streaming video, and includes technology applications and processes such as audio or video tape, satellite TV, CD-ROM, and computer-based learning, as well as local intranet/extranet and web-based learning.  Information and communication systems, whether free-standing or based on either local networks or the Internet in networked learning, underly many e-learning processes.


ePortfolios:  An electronic portfolio, also known as an e-portfolio or digital portfolio, is a collection of electronic evidence assembled and managed by a user, usually on the Web.  Such electronic evidence may include inputted text, electronic files, images, multimedia, blog entries, and hyperlinks.  E-portfolios are both demonstrations of the user's abilities and platforms for self-expression, and, if they are online, they can be maintained dynamically over time.  Some e-portfolio applications permit varying degrees of audience access, so the same portfolio might be used for multiple purposes.  An e-portfolio can be seen as a type of learning record that provides actual evidence of achievement.  Since the students must apply both their knowledge of how the web works and the message that they want to convey, this helps them to become more critical thinkers and to develop their writing and multimedia skills.


ePub:  .EPUB is the format of choice for iBooks on the iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch.  It is also the native format for most of the dedicated eReader devices that compete with the Amazon Kindle.  Learn more at  (Costs for devices vary.)


ePubBud:  ePub Bud is a non-profit organization based in Santa Monica, CA, dedicated to getting free children’s e-books to the masses.  Anyone in the world can upload, publish, and share their own free children’s e-books in the open ePub format readable by the Apple iPad and other e-readers. allows anybody to create an ebook online, convert an existing ebook to a epub, and even digitize a physical book for free.  Users can also choose to sell their books with 100% of the money going directly to them via paypal.  (Cost:  Free services at


Evernote:  Online note-taking service where you can capture anything, access anywhere, find things fast, and collaborate with colleagues.  (Cost:  There is a free download at


Excel:  Microsoft Office product for making spreadsheets.  (Cost:  Software must be purchased.  There is a free alternative in Google docs/drive under Create/Spreadsheet.)




Flipped Classroom:  Flip teaching (or flipped classroom) is a form of blended learning which encompasses any use of technology to leverage the learning in a classroom, so a teacher can spend more time interacting with students instead of lecturing.  This is most commonly being done using teacher-created videos that students view outside of class time.  It is also known as backwards classroom, reverse instruction, flipping the classroom, and reverse teaching.  Flip teaching allows more hands-on time with the instructor guiding the students, allowing them to assist the students when they are assimilating information and creating new ideas (upper end of Bloom's Taxonomy).  Flipping the classroom has also proved to lessen the drop out rate among students, and an increase in the amount of information that the students learn.  Many people speculate that flipping the classroom would be harmful to students who do not have access to the internet outside of school. However, many teachers have found ways around this by burning CDs, and giving out thumb drives with the videos on it.


Format Factory:  FormatFactory is a multifunctional media converter that can be downloaded to your computer to convert video, audio, and picture files.  It is also capable of ripping DVDs and CDs to other file formats, as well as creating .iso images.  It can also join multiple video files together into one.  (Cost:  free download at, but is ad-supported.  Another free option:  Zamzar at




GAFE – see Google Apps for Education.


Gamification – Gamification is the use of game design elements in non-game contexts.  The gamification of learning is an educational approach to motivate students to learn by using video game design and game elements in learning environments.


Genius Hour,,  Genius hour is a movement that allows students to explore their own passions and encourages creativity in the classroom.  It provides students a choice in what they learn during a set period of time during school.  Students are then challenged to explore something to do a project over that they want to learn about.  They spend several weeks researching the topic before they start creating a product that will be shared with the class/school/world.  Deadlines are limited and creativity is encouraged.  Throughout the process the teacher facilitates the student projects to ensure that they are on task.   (Cost:  free.)


Geocaching:  GEOCACHING is a free real-world outdoor treasure hunt.  Players try to locate hidden containers, called geocaches, using a smartphone or GPS and can then share their experiences online.  It is considered an outdoor recreational activity, in which the participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or mobile device and other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers, called "geocaches" or "caches," anywhere in the world.  A typical cache is a small waterproof container containing a logbook where the geocacher enters the date they found it and signs it with their established code name.  After signing into the log, the cache must be placed back exactly where the person found it.  Learn more at  (Cost for devices vary.)


Google Apps:  “Google Apps” is a service from Google providing independently customizable versions of several Google products under a custom domain name.  It features several Web applications with similar functionality to traditional office suites, including Gmail, Google Groups, Google Calendar, Talk, Docs and Sites.  (Cost:  Google Apps for Education is free and offers the same amount of storage as Google Apps for Business accounts.)


Google Apps for Education (GAFE),  Google Apps for Education (GAFE) is a core suite of productivity applications that Google offers to schools and educational institutions for FREE.  Tools that the entire school can use, together with 24/7 support at no cost.  Use on any device from anywhere, anytime.  Collaboration is made easy with files stored in the cloud and easily shared.  (Cost:  free.)


Google Classroom,  Google Classroom is like mission control, designed with teachers and students to connect the class, track their progress, and achieve more together.   (Cost:  free.)


Google Drive:  Google Drive is a file storage and synchronization service provided by Google, released on April 24, 2012, which enables user cloud storage, file sharing and collaborative editing.  Google Drive is now the home of Google Docs, a suite of productivity applications, that offer collaborative editing on documents, spreadsheets, presentations, and more.  (Cost free when you open a Google email account.)


Google Chrome:  It is a freeware web browser developed by Google that has become the most widely used web browser in the world with about a third of the worldwide usage share.  (Cost:  free.)


Google Earth:  Google Earth is a virtual globe, map and geographical information program which maps the Earth by the superimposition of images obtained from satellite imagery, aerial photography and GIS 3D globe.  (Free download at


Google Plus – an interest-based social network that is owned and operated by Google Inc.  It continues to change, but some of the features include the ability to post photos and status updates to the stream or interest based communities, group different types of relationships (rather than simply "friends") into Circles, a multi-person instant messaging, text and video chat called Hangouts, events, location tagging, and the ability to edit and upload photos to private cloud-based albums.  Recently they launched “collections” feature which was inspired by Pinterest, allowing users to build content collections based on topics and interests.  (Cost:  free.)


Google Sites:  Google Sites is a structured wiki- and web page-creation tool offered by Google as part of the Google Apps Productivity suite.  The goal of Google Sites is for anyone to be able to create a team-oriented site where multiple people can collaborate and share files.  (Cost free when you open a Google email account.)


Gooru Learning,  Gooru is building an open and collaborative online community where the best free materials for learning can be found, created, remixed and shared.  They have organized a crowd-sourced catalog of resources, quizzes, lessons, assessments, and courses that cover K-12 core subjects and beyond, with topics such as social-emotional learning, geo-education, and professional learning.  As educators curate content for their unique classes, their work is shared openly for others to remix.  This improves the quality of online learning resources and fosters a community of practice where educators share what works for different students and environments.  There is a Toolkit to learn how to use Gooru or you can sign up for a webinar – "Gooru 101:  How to Gooru."  (Cost:  free.)


Global Positioning System (GPS):  The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.  The system provides critical capabilities to military, civil and commercial users around the world.  It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.  In typical GPS operation, four or more satellites must be visible to obtain an accurate result.


GPS devices:  For global positioning navigation, handheld devices have become popular.  Schools can use small outdoor or sport receiver units (with many manufacturers, like Garmin).  Otherwise GPS has become very popular on cell phones and in cars.  (Cost varies for each brand and device.)


H – L


HippoCampus,   Free educational resources for middle school through college.  There are almost 6000 videos in 13 subject areas.  (Cost:  free.)


HTML (HyperText Markup Language):  The programming language used for creating hypertext documents for the World-Wide-Web.  HTML5 (YouTube Video)


interactive whiteboards:  An interactive whiteboard (IWB), is a large interactive display that connects to a computer.  A projector projects the computer's desktop onto the board's surface where users control the computer using a pen, finger, stylus, or other device.  The board is typically mounted to a wall or floor stand.  (Cost varies for each brand and device.)


internet browsers:  A web browser can also be defined as an application software or program designed to enable users to access, retrieve and view documents and other resources on the Internet.  The major web browsers are Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Safari.  Although browsers are primarily intended to use the World Wide Web, they can also be used to access information provided by web servers in private networks or files in file systems.  An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video or other piece of content.


internet service provider (ISP):  An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides access to the Internet.  (Cost for access varies.)


intranet:  An intranet is a computer network that uses Internet Protocol technology to share information, operational systems, or computing services within an organization. The term is used in contrast to internet, a network between organizations, and instead refers to a network within an organization. Sometimes, the term refers only to the organization's internal website, but may be a more extensive part of the organization's information technology infrastructure, and may be composed of multiple local area networks. The objective is to organize each individual's desktop with minimal cost, time and effort to be more productive, cost efficient, timely, and competitive.


iTunes:  iTunes is a media player and media library application developed by Apple Inc.  It is used to play, download, and organize digital audio and video on personal computers running the OS X operating system and the iOS-based iPod, iPhone, and iPad devices, with editions also released for Microsoft Windows.  Through the iTunes Store, users can purchase and download music, music videos, television shows, iPod games, audiobooks, podcasts, movies and movie rentals in some countries, and ringtones, available on the iPhone and iPod Touch (fourth generation onward).  Application software for the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch can be downloaded from the App Store. iTunes has been criticized for not being able to transfer music from one portable device to another.


Lego League,  Utah FIRST LEGO League is robotics and innovation program for kids ages 9-14.  Thousands of Utah middle school students work in teams of 3-10 students during the Fall to build LEGO robots and invent new ideas to explore a theme (that changes each year).  Then every January, they compete in regional tournaments leading to the state championship.  All events are open to the public.  The FLL events are much more than just LEGOS and robots.  Kids become innovators and solve real-world problems.  Team members learn life skills, such as respect for others, appreciation of different perspectives, cooperation, perseverance and time management.  As a result of the FLL experience, participants gain confidence, discover new skills and interests, and shape their futures.  


M – N


Macintosh computers:  Mac is a line of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc.  The operating system is OS X, but some newer ones can run alternative operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Free BSD.


Makerspace,  STEAM labs and fab (fabrication) labs are popping up in schools across the country.  Makerspaces provide hands-on, creative ways to encourage students to design, experiment, build and invent as they deeply engage in science, engineering and tinkering.  A makerspace is not solely a science lab, woodshop, computer lab or art room, but it may contain elements found in all of these familiar spaces.  Therefore, it must be designed to accommodate a wide range of activities, tools and materials.  Diversity and cross-pollination of activities are critical to the design, making and exploration process, and they are what set makerspaces and STEAM labs apart from single-use spaces.  A possible range of activities might include:  electronics, robotics, digital fabrication, prototyping, woodworking, textiles and sewing, cardboard construction, and building bicycles and kinetic machines.  These help students build creativity, confidence, and collaboration skills.  (Cost varies for materials.)


Makey-Makey,  MaKey MaKey is an invention kit for the 21st century.  Turn everyday objects into touchpads and combine them with the internet.  It's a simple Invention Kit for beginners and experts doing art, design, engineering, educators, kids, inventors, etc. – The MaKey MaKey is an invention kit that encourages people to find creative ways to interact with their computers, by using everyday objects as a replacement for keyboards and mice.  The MaKey MaKey is a two-sided circuit board.  With the MaKey MaKey, you could replace your space key with a banana, use play-doh to move and click your mouse, or high-five your best friend to advance PowerPoint slides.  (Cost:  $50)


Makey-Makey Arduino,  What makes the MaKey MaKey circuit board extra-awesome is the fact that it’s completely Arduino-compatible.  Arduino is an open-source platform used for building electronics projects.  Arduino consists of both a physical programmable circuit board (often referred to as a microcontroller) and a piece of software, or IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that runs on your computer, used to write and upload computer code to the physical board.  In essence, it’s a tiny, little programmable computer, with seemingly infinite uses, that’s been adopted as the go-to electronics platform for artists and electronics veterans.   What’s made Arduino so popular, though, is the fact that it’s a lot more than just a board full of electronics.  It’s a well-documented programming environment.  It’s a huge electronics and programming resource manual.  And, most importantly, it’s a community full of both budding electronics-addicts, and helpful EE know-it-alls.  (Cost for software:  free.  There are several types of microcontrollers ranging in price from $10 to $60.)


mashup:  A digital media file containing any or all of text, graphics, audio, video, and animation, which recombines and modifies existing digital works to create a derivative work, so a video mashup has been edited from more than one source to appear as one and a music mashup is the musical genre encompassing songs which consist entirely of parts of other songs.


Microsoft’s Sway – see Sway.


Mimio,  Mimio makes full-sized interactive whiteboards, smaller sized portable whiteboards, software that can turn a dry erase whiteboard into an interactive board, or software that can be used with laptops, etc. and an app for various devices.  (Costs for devices or software varies.)


mobile device:  It is a small, hand-held computing device, typically having a display screen with touch input and/or a miniature keyboard and weighing less than 2 pounds.  It has an operating system (OS), and can run various types of application software, known as apps.  Most hand held devices can also be equipped with WI-FI, Bluetooth and GPS capabilities that can allow connections to the Internet and other Bluetooth capable devices such as an automobile or a microphone headset.  A camera or media player feature for video or music files can also be typically found on these devices along with a stable battery power source such as a lithium battery.  Smartphones and PDAs are popular ones.  (Cost varies for each brand and device.)


Moodle:  It is a free web application that educators can use to create effective online learning sites.  Moodle is a Course Management System (CMS), also known as a Learning Management System (LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).  The download is free, but to work, it needs to be installed on a web server somewhere, either on one of your own computers or one at a web hosting company.  (Cost:  Free at


morphing software:  FotoMorph is an easy way to create professional morphing animations and Flash Rotation Banners.  (Cost:  Free download at


Movenote,  Movenote is an app and website that lets you create video slidecasts, which the app calls Movenotes.  Movenote lets you accompany your slides with a video narration.  It needs your permission to use your webcam.  Movenote is also available for mobile platforms, both Android and iOS.  There are a number of ways to share your completed Movenote.  You can download the slides in .PDF format, or email the link via Gmail, copy the public link, or share it on social networks including Facebook, Twitter and Google+, also Pinterest and Tumblr.  (Cost:  free.)


multimedia:  Multimedia is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms.  This contrasts with media that use only rudimentary computer displays such as text-only or traditional forms of printed or hand-produced material.  Multimedia includes a combination of text, audio, still images, animation, video, or interactivity content forms.


Mystery Skype,  Mystery Skype is an educational game, invented by teachers, played by two classrooms on Skype. The aim of the game is to guess the location of the other classroom by asking each other questions.  It's suitable for all age groups and can be used to teach subjects like geography, history, languages, mathematics and science.  Mystery Skype is a 45-60 minute critical thinking challenge that your class takes part in while Skyping with another class somewhere else in the world.  Your students' goal is to guess the other school's location (country, state, city, school name) before they guess yours.  We do this by asking yes and no questions.  (Watch 2 minute video at  (Cost:  looks free.)  my.uen provides registered educators an easy way to create a customized web page.  my.uen also provides educators direct access to UEN Tools and Services.  The self-designed web page allows users to choose and organize content such as an online calendar, messages and announcements, weather forecasts and stock quotes, documents, bookmarks for quick access to favorite sites.  (Cost:  free for Utah teachers.  If you don’t have a my.uen account, you can create one by registering at


Nearpod,  Nearpod is a free app for teachers and schools that have access to a set of mobile devices and/or computers for their classes to engage students.  It is a classroom tool that helps engage students with interactive features.  Teachers log in to to create multimedia presentations with interactive features such as quizzes, videos, polls, drawing tools, and more.  They can also access featured presentations from certified publishers and fellow educators.  Students participate actively in class with their devices.  Teachers have control over the students’ devices in real-time.  Easily share synchronized lessons with diverse types of content and interactive activities.  Across all devices.  Collect and share student responses instantly.   (Cost:  free.)


NetSafe Utah:  Online resources for teachers, parents and training meetings.  The goal is to heighten public awareness of risks of internet predators and help children be less vulnerable.  There are lessons and videos for students of all ages, as well as links to agencies for reporting incidents or getting help.  (Cost:  free at




OER:  Open Educational Resources are freely accessible, usually openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, educational, assessment and research purposes.  Open educational resources often involve issues relating to intellectual property rights.  Traditional educational materials, such as textbooks, are protected under conventional copyright terms.  However, alternative and more flexible licensing options have become available as a result of the work of Creative Commons, an organization that provides ready-made licensing agreements that are less restrictive than the "all rights reserved" terms of standard international copyright.  Types of open educational resources include:  full courses, course materials, modules, learning objects, open textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.  (Here is one website that may be helpful at


OER Glue:  OER Glue was an open approach to online learning that let content be used where it already resides rather than requiring it to be copied into a new system.  OER Glue was used to efficiently assemble courses and teach online by “glueing together” open education resources (OERs) and integrating with popular online services including Google Documents, Blogs, Facebook, Twitter, and discussion and assessment tools.  Now it has changed over to Open Tapestry.  (Cost:  There is a free version and a premium version with a small fee at


online schools:  The world of online education continues to expand at an incredible pace, especially for college students.  At the K-12 level, online learning can provide challenges to students in need of accelerated learning, those who need to catch up on credits, or those who simply want to develop time management and attention skills.  WCSD has been offering an online program called “Washington Online School Utah” (WOSU), but the name has been changed to “Utah Online School K-12” (UOS).  They have used award-winning online curriculum (free materials) and offer social activities for their students state-wide.  (Cost:  All UOS High School Classes– Full or part-time– are FREE to all students living in the state of Utah.


Office:  Suite of Microsoft productivity products for making word documents, spreadsheets, etc.  (Cost:  Standard edition software must be purchased and includes Word, PowerPoint, Excel, OneNote, Outlook, and Publisher.  There are free alternatives in Google docs but with fewer features.)


OneNote:  Microsoft’s note-taking software is a computer program for free-form information gathering and multi-user collaboration.  It gathers users' notes (handwritten or typed), drawings, screen clippings, and audio commentaries, and shares them with other OneNote users over the Internet.  You can gather links, web pages, sketches, and videos and other media and assemble it in one handy place.  Notes can also be edited from a web browser.  More ideas for educators at  (Cost:  OneNote is available as an application for Windows, iOS, Android, Windows Phone, and Symbian.  It comes as part of purchase price for Microsoft Office Suite software package or available for purchase as Apps.)


Open Office:  Apache OpenOffice (AOO) is an open-source office productivity software suite.  It descends from (OOo), which was an open-sourced version of the earlier StarOffice.  OpenOffice contains a word processor (Writer), a spreadsheet (Calc), a presentation application (Impress), a drawing application (Draw), a formula editor (Math), and a database management application (Base).  OpenOffice's default file format is the OpenDocument Format (ODF), an ISO/IEC standard.  It can also read a wide variety of other file formats, with particular attention to those from Microsoft Office.  (Cost:  Free at


Open Tapestry:  Open Tapestry is all about discovering, adapting, and sharing learning resources.  It helps you organize your content into categories–or Tapestries–that you create.  Open Tapestry’s toolset allows instructors to develop course materials in a fraction of the time, while invigorating and enhancing learners’ experience.  (Cost:  There is a free version and a premium version with a small fee at


Operating System / OS:  The software in every computer that communicates with computer hardware on the most basic level.  PCs come with Microsoft Windows (current version Windows XP), while Apple Macs have the Mac OS (current version OSX).  (Cost:  Windows Microsoft's operating system comes pre-installed on most PCs but there are other options.)


Outlook:  Microsoft’s email and calendar software for the desktop.  It comes with Microsoft Office software, so it costs to buy but it is free of advertising and has many other nice features.  (Cost:  Comes as part of purchase price for Microsoft Office software.)




paperless classroom:  Educators are moving toward how we can equip students with as much digital information as possible without sacrificing the benefits of the standard method of note-taking and paper-centric learning.  Students are using Google docs/drive for sharing documents, tablets or smartphones for taking notes, using e-book readers like Amazon’s Kindle Paperwhite, and taking exam on computers.


PBS Television:  Public Broadcasting System has PBS LearningMedia listings where teachers have instant FREE access to thousands of classroom-ready, digital resources including videos, games, audio clips, photos, lesson plans, and more!  You can search, save, and share with ease.  (Cost:  free at


PDAs (Portable Digital Assistants):  This is a mobile device that functions as a personal information manager, but PDAs are largely considered obsolete with the widespread adoption of smartphones.  In fact smartphones are PDAs, and it is basically a name change, except that the original PDAs were not phones.  (Cost:  varies according to device and supplier.)


PDF (Portable Document Format):  This is a file format used to represent documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems, so they can be read by most computers.  Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it.


PDF Reader:  Adobe Reader has been the most commonly used program, but a good alternative with more features is Nitro PDF reader.  (Cost:  free at


PhotoStory 3:  Microsoft's Photo Story is a free Windows program that lets you create audiovisual presentations out of your photos and images.  You can quickly crop, rotate, and edit your pictures; personalize them with captions and titles; and add sound effects, narration, and background music.  Photo Story saves your presentations as WMV files you can play on your PC or convert using a third-party video converter.  Presentations created with Photo Story 3 are great for weddings, birthdays, and other celebrations.  Finished files can be small enough to send by email.  (Free download at


Pics4Learning:  The website has a safe, free image library for education.  Teachers and students can use the copyright-friendly photos and images for classrooms, multimedia projects, web sites, videos, portfolios, or any other project in an educational setting.  (Free access at


Pioneer Library, Utah's Online Library:  Pioneer is Utah’s Online Library of electronic resources that provides statewide access to newspaper articles, magazines, professional journals, encyclopedias, video, photographs, maps, charts, and graphics.  It includes SIRS, EBSO host, Student Research Center, Searchasaurus, Auto Repair guides, and more.  Some are open to Utah residents, while others need a password (for World Book encyclopedia, Deseret News Archives, and CultureGrams.  (Free to Utah residents at  Note that the website password changes every summer, and the password cannot be posted on websites as reminders.)


Pixie:  Software by Tech4Learning that students can use to share ideas, imagination, and understanding through a combination of text, original artwork, voice narration, and images.  Many schools have a mix of Windows and Macintosh computers, netbooks, and iPads.  Pixie works on all of these devices and files can be moved between them, so students can begin work on one device and continue on another.  (Cost:  $40 for single academic edition, but volume licensing is offered to schools and/or districts at


Pixlr:  Claims to be the most popular online photo editor in the world.  It’s like having photoshop online.  (Cost:  Free for your computer or mobile device at


PlanBookEDU:  An online lesson planner for K-12 that simplifies a teacher’s life and is highly recommended by all who have used it.  It is easy to stored all of your class plans and the files that go along with those plans.  After you have a year’s worth of plans saved, it is easy to tweak them for many years to come.  You can share your plans with anyone (colleagues, administrators or a substitute) and it’s up to you what they can see and for how long they'll be able to see it.  Since it is web-based, it can be accessed from any computer at home or work, or your iPad or iPhone.  It works with Google Apps and has ways to make it easy to deal with common core standards.  (Cost:  There is a 14-day premium trial, free basic service for life or a minimal annual fee for upgraded services at


Plickers, paper clickers,  Plickers is a FREE app that can be used on any IOS or Android operating system developed by Nolan Amy.  Students will receive a card that has a number on it and the answer choices A, B, C, and D.  Teachers can print these free at as many times as they need.  The teacher will use her smart phone or tablet to scan the class cards and begin to immediately see student responses pop up on the screen.  The student simply has to hold the answer choice they choose at the top of their card.  This wonderfully simple activity can be used for pre-assessments, checks for understanding, polls or class surveys, tickets out the door, TCAP review, etc.  Plickers is a great way to infuse technology into your classroom to make a teacher's life easier.  (   (Cost:  free.)


PowerPoint:  Microsoft Office product for making slide presentations, etc.  (Cost:  Software must be purchased.  There is a free alternative in Google docs but with fewer features.  Microsoft Office PowerPoint Viewer is a program used to run presentations on computers that do not have PowerPoint installed.  Free download at


PowerSchool:  PowerSchool is the web-based student information system used by WCSD and worldwide.  It provides the full range of features needed by administrators at the district and school level in addition to portals for teachers, parents, and students.


Prezi:  Prezi is a Hungarian software company, producing a cloud-based (SaaS) presentation software and storytelling tool for presenting ideas on a virtual canvas.  If you already made a PowerPoint, you can import it into this program.  Prezi’s advantage is that it can show the big picture and then zoom in on the details, so this zooming canvas opens up the classroom to active learning and interactivity, making lessons understandable, memorable, and fun. Prezi uses a common tool palette, allowing users to pan and zoom, and to size, rotate, or edit an object.  The user places objects on a canvas and navigates between videos, images, texts, and other presentation media.  Frames allow grouping of presentation media together as a single presentation object.  Prezi Meeting is an online collaboration feature that allows up to ten people (co-located or geographically separated) to co-edit and show their presentations in real time.  Can use used from the cloud (at any computer), desktop, iPad, or iPhone.  (Cost:  Prezi offers an educational license for students and educators at  Edu Pro subscribers may work off-line and create and save their presentations on their own Windows or Mac – but not Linux – systems.)


Professional Learning Communities:  A professional learning community (PLC) is an extended learning opportunity to foster collaborative learning among colleagues within a particular work environment or field.  It is often used in schools as a way to organize teachers into working groups, have shared vision and common goals, looking to enhance student learning through continuous improvement based on evaluation of outcomes.


Promethean Activinspire:  Software used for Promethean’s products like interactive whiteboards and learner response systems.  It enhances collaboration and classroom efficiency, simplified lesson preparation and delivery, and offers timesaving resources.  (


Promethean ActivBoards:  Promethean brand interactive whiteboards that use Activinspire software.  They are designed to focus attention and provide a platform to boost the interactivity of lessons.


Promethean learner response systems:  ActiVote clickers, ActivExpression hand-held devices, or ActivEngage2 (for tablets, mobile devices or computers) used to support collaborative teamwork and ongoing assessment in the classroom.


Q – R


QR Codes:  QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional bar code) first designed for the automotive industry in Japan.  Bar codes are optical machine-readable labels attached to items that record information related to the item.  Recently, the QR Code system has become popular outside the automotive industry due to its fast readability and greater storage capacity compared to standard UPC barcodes.  The code consists of black modules (square dots) arranged in a square grid on a white background.  A QR code is read by an imaging device, such as a camera, and formatted algorithmically, then data is extracted from patterns present in both horizontal and vertical components of the image. As a variety of industries utilize the QR code today, the applications for use can vary from product tracking, item identification, time tracking, document management and general marketing purposes.


RAM:  Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage.  A random-access device allows stored data to be accessed directly in any random order rather than in predetermined order, consecutively, because of mechanical design limitations, like for other data storage media such as hard disks, CDs, and DVDs.


reboot:  “Rebooting” is the process by which a running computer system is restarted, either intentionally or unintentionally.  Reboots can be either “cold” whereby the power to the system is physically turned off and back on again, causing an initial boot of the machine, or “warm” where the system restarts without the need to interrupt the power.  The term “restart” is used to refer to a reboot when the operating system closes all programs and finalizes all pending input and output operations before initiating a soft reboot.


Remind for Educators,  Remind is a free APP that’s a texting tool used in many parts of the U.S. to establish stronger lines of communication among teachers, students, and their parents.  Educators can instantly send out announcements and test reminders, update homework assignments, give study guides to absent students, solicit volunteers for field trips, record voice messages, send out short surveys, and conduct real-time quizzes using the two-way messaging system.  These messages go directly to students' & parents' phones.  Messaging is safe because phone numbers are kept private for all involved.  (Cost:  free.)


RSS:  Rich Site Summary is a family of web-feed formats used to publish frequently updated works—such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video—in a standardized format.  An RSS document (which is called a "feed," "web feed," or "channel") includes full or summarized text, plus metadata such as publishing dates and authorship.


RTI (Response to Intervention):  RTI is a method of academic intervention used in the United States to provide early, systematic assistance to children who are having difficulty learning.  RTI seeks to prevent academic failure through early intervention, frequent progress measurement, and increasingly intensive research-based instructional interventions for children who continue to have difficulty.  In terms of identifying learning disabilities, the RTI method was developed as an alternative to the ability–achievement "discrepancy model," which requires children to exhibit a discrepancy between their ability (often measured by IQ testing) and academic achievement (as measured by their grades and standardized testing). Proponents of RTI claim that the process brings more clarity to the Specific Learning Disability (SLD) category of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA 2004), while opponents claim that RTI simply identifies low achieving students rather than students with learning disabilities.




Safari Montage:  SAFARI Montage can help districts with their digital media distribution and visual instruction needs offering a single interface for accessing all visual resources from inside the school district intranet or from home.  (Cost:  There is a cost but some grants are available.)


Seesaw,  Seesaw is a student-driven digital portfolio that empowers students to independently document what they are learning at school.  Seesaw empowers students of any age to independently document what they are learning at school.  Students capture learning with photos and videos of physical work, or by adding digital creations.  Everything is uploaded and kept organized for teachers.  Teachers can invite families to Seesaw so parents get an immediate, personalized window into their child's learning.  There is a Teacher Resource Center at   (Cost appears to be free.)


SMARTBoard:  The interactive whiteboard system by Smart Technologies uses “SMART Notebook” for its software.  Their interactive response system is called “SMART Response.”  (Cost:  Varies by device and number purchased.  Utah schools work with the Chariot Group at


Smartphones:  A smartphone is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone.  The first smartphones combined the functions of a personal digital assistant (PDA) with a mobile phone.  Later models added the functionality of portable media players, low-end compact digital cameras, pocket video cameras, and GPS navigation units to form one multi-use device.  Many modern smartphones also include high-resolution touchscreens and web browsers that display standard web pages as well as mobile-optimized sites.  High-speed data access is provided by Wi-Fi and mobile broadband.  In recent years, the rapid development of mobile app markets and of mobile commerce have been drivers of smartphone adoption.  Smartphones overtook older-style phones in sales worldwide in early 2013.  (Costs vary by device.)


SignUpGenius:  A free online program for organizing volunteers.  You create a custom webpage, invite your group, people sign up online, then email reminders are automatically sent out.  (Cost:  free at


SIRS:  Online resources from ProQuest that Utah schools and citizens have access to for free through Pioneer Library at  SIRS Knowledge Source (SKS) provides a portal to relevant, credible information carefully hand-selected by their SIRS editorial staff.  Much of it is great for secondary, but SIRS Discoverer is linked to content for grades 3-9.  (Cost:  free for Utah schools and citizens through Pioneer Library at


Spheros,  Sphero is the world's first app-enabled robotic ball and a sophisticated companion for your smartphone or tablet.  Learn, play, and explore with this awesome robot.  It is a hackable and programmable internal robot that costs about $130.  There are over 30 apps available that offer numerous ways to play.  The new SPRK app experience lets you give your robot the orders with visual blocks representing code – our own C-based language called OVAL.  Immediately see the connection between the program you created and how the guts of your Sphero work and react.  Sphero SPRK Edition will inspire a love of robotics, coding, and STEM principles… all through play.  SPRK lessons give kids a fun crash course in programming while sharpening STEAM and critical thinking skills.  SPRK is built for all ages and skill levels, spanning the discovery of shapes and colors to advanced coding and app creation.  (Cost:  $130 for robot ball.)


Social Media:   Websites like Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest and more.  Teachers are using social media tools safely and effectively to engage students.


STEM:  Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education


streaming:  Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.


Sway,  Sway is a free app from Microsoft Office.  It lets you create and share interactive reports, presentations, personal stories, newsletters, vacation memories, school and work projects, and more.  It is primarily for presenting ideas onscreen rather than to an audience.  It is designed for use across phones, tablets, laptops, PCs and other devices.  Unlike PowerPoint, there's no option for creating content in Sway itself.  It must be uploaded into the software as it's intended to be used or it can be pulled in directly from a variety of different sources from within Sway.  There is a two-minute tutorial video at  (Cost:  free.)


SWIVL,  Swivl provides a great way to facilitate Mystery Skype in classrooms.  The Swivl Robot works with any tablet or smartphone.  The Swivl Capture app is free and it controls the robot’s settings.  The Swivl Capture App and Swivl Cloud Live allow users to connect with other classrooms and record their Mystery Skype sessions!  Not only that, but the marker controls the movement of the robot and has a built-in microphone to capture high quality audio.  Multiple markers can even be used to capture more than one audio source.  (Cost:  There are free cloud plans, but starter kit costs $300.)




tablet:  A tablet computer, or simply “tablet,” is a one-piece mobile computer.   Devices typically offer a touchscreen.  They are available in a variety of sizes, offering a screen diagonal greater than 7 inches, differentiating themselves through size from functionally similar smartphones or personal digital assistants.  Examples:  Apple’s iPad, Amazon’s Kindle Fire, Barnes & Noble’s Nook, Android, and a variety of other major companies.  (Costs vary by device.)


Target Language:  A language that a nonnative speaker is in the process of learning. is a website that helps teachers organize their classes, share with students, and connect with teachers. now integrates with myHomework at  (Cost:  There is a level that is free and other features that may cost at


Turnitin,  Leading academic plagiarism checker technology for teachers and students.  Provides a service to determine the originality of texts based on comparisons with their internal database and net-wide searches.  With Turnitin, educators can promote academic integrity in their classroom.  Students learn the importance of original writing and attribution and foster critical thinking skills that are important to student success.  Online plagiarism detection, grammar check, grading tools.  (Costs vary by which services are chosen.)




UELMA:  Utah Educational Library Media Association helps library media supervisors throughout the state by offering conferences and workshops.


UEN:  The Utah Education Network provides free web tools and services, such as lesson plans, videos, curriculum resources, student interactives and professional development classes.


URL (Uniform Resource Locator):  The standardized way of giving the address for any resource on the World-Wide-Web.  An example of a URL is


UtahFutures,  Free website where students can do their education and career plans online.  They can build their electronic education and career portfolio throughout life, and online access makes it easy for parents to get involved.  Students manage their Student Education Occupation Plans (SEOP) using in middle school and beyond.  The website helps get information about colleges, training, scholarships, careers, and helps for ACT Prep.  To login into, a student will use his or her SSID number found on their PTGs (Progress Toward Graduation) as their username and password.  (Cost:  free.)


#UTedChat:  #UTEdChat is a weekly online conversation on educational topics open to all Utah educators. This chat happens on Twitter every Wednesday night from 9-10 PM MDT. To participate, follow the #UTEdChat hashtag on Twitter, and include the same hashtag in your tweets to join the conversation.  If you haven’t participated in a Twitter chat, you can learn more by watching Jared Covili’s three-minute video at  (Cost:  free.)


UTIPS:  “Utah Test Item Pool Service” is an internet-based assessment engine for public education institutions in the state of Utah.  It includes an item bank for many core curriculum areas.  The items, this software, and website have been provided by the Utah State Office of Education.  (Cost:  Free for Utah schools at




VDownloader:  Freeware for downloading videos from websites such as YouTube, Google, DailyMotion, MySpace, Porkolt, Metacafe, Break, 123 Video, Bolt, VSocial and Yahoo.  The files are saved to the hard drive and can be automatically encoded as MPEG, AVI, VCD, DVD, iPod, PSPS or FLV.  (Cost:  Free download at


Video Ninja:  A person who is very skilled in knowing what resources are available and how to use them effectively.  It can seem overwhelming until teachers learn the tricks of collecting video, viewing them in the classroom, and storage and distribution.  (Just learn what’s available and how to use it.)


virtual field trips:  A virtual field trip is a guided exploration through the World Wide Web that organizes a collection of pre-screened, thematically based web pages into a structured online learning experience.  It is an inter-related collection of images, supporting text and/or other media, delivered electronically via the World Wide Web, in a format that can be professionally presented to relate the essence of a visit to a time or place.  A VFT can contain a selection of topic-specific web pages that are strung together into a grade-targeted, organized package.  There are a number of different formats used for VFTs and if you do a search on the Web, you will find thousands of trips.  Real-time Virtual field trips involve the use of videoconferencing and audioconferencing technologies to permit students in one location to virtually visit and learn about people or places in another location.


virus and malware:  A computer virus is a computer program that can replicate itself and spread from one computer to another.  The term "virus" is also commonly, but erroneously, used to refer to other types of malware, including but not limited to adware and spyware programs that do not have a reproductive ability.  Malware includes computer viruses, computer worms, ransomware, trojan horses, keyloggers, most rootkits, spyware, dishonest adware, malicious BHOs and other malicious software.  The majority of active malware threats are usually trojans or worms rather than viruses.  Malware such as trojan horses and worms is sometimes confused with viruses, which are technically different:  a worm can exploit security vulnerabilities to spread itself automatically to other computers through networks, while a trojan horse is a program that appears harmless but hides malicious functions.  Worms and trojan horses, like viruses, may harm a computer system's data or performance.  Some viruses and other malware have symptoms noticeable to the computer user, but many are surreptitious or simply do nothing to call attention to themselves.  Some viruses do nothing beyond reproducing themselves.


virus protection:  Antivirus or anti-virus software is software used to prevent, detect and remove malware (of all descriptions), such as: computer viruses, malicious BHOs, hijackers, ransomware, keyloggers, backdoors, rootkits, trojan horses, worms, malicious LSPs, dialers, fraudtools, adware and spyware.  A variety of strategies are typically employed.  Signature-based detection involves searching for known patterns of data within executable code.  However, it is possible for a computer to be infected with new malware for which no signature is yet known.  No matter how useful antivirus software can be, it can sometimes have drawbacks.  Antivirus software can impair a computer's performance.  Inexperienced users may also have problems understanding the prompts and decisions that antivirus software presents them with.  An incorrect decision may lead to a security breach.


VLE:  A virtual learning environment (VLE), or learning platform, is an e-learning education system based on the web that models conventional in-person education by providing equivalent virtual access to classes, class content, tests, homework, grades, assessments, and other external resources such as academic or museum links.  It is also a social space where students and teacher can interact through threaded discussions or chat.  It typically uses Web 2.0 tools for 2-way interaction, and includes a content management system.  Virtual learning environments are the basic components of contemporary distance learning, but can also be integrated with a physical learning environment which may be referred to as “blended learning.”


W – Z


Web 2.0 sites:  The term Web 2.0 was coined in 1999 to describe web sites that use technology beyond the static pages of earlier web sites.  A Web 2.0 site may allow users to interact and collaborate with each other in a social media dialogue as creators of user-generated content in a virtual community, in contrast to websites where people are limited to the passive viewing of content.  Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs, wikis, video sharing sites, hosted services, web applications, mashups and folksonomies.


WebEx (  Cisco’s WebEx is a web conferencing tool to collaborate from anywhere to everywhere on any device.  Their services include online meetings and presentations, webinars, shared workspace, online courses and training.  The meeting calls each person, so there is no dial-in or passcodes.  Can screen share, can split screen, can see up to 7 people’s video feeds, and also record meeting.  (Cost:  can sign up for free and get free mobile app.)


Windows:  Microsoft operating systems originally for PCs but now can be used on some MACS.

·        Windows XP was released in 2001 and mainstream support ended in 2009.  This version is still favored by many people.

·        Windows Vista was released in 2007 and mainstream support ended in 2012.

·        Windows 7 was released in 2009 and will have mainstream support until 2015.

·        Windows 8 was released in 2012 and will have mainstream support until 2018.

(Cost:  A fee is paid for each computer that has it installed and again each time it is upgraded to a newer version.)


Wiki:  A wiki is a website which allows its users to add, modify, or delete its content via a web browser usually using a simplified markup language or a rich-text editor.  Wikis serve many different purposes, such as knowledge management and notetaking.  Most are created collaboratively.  Wikis are powered by wiki software.  (Cost:  Free)


Wixie:  An online authoring tool by Tech4Learning that students can use to construct knowledge and communicate ideas.  It combines paint and artwork with text and voice recording.  Students can log into Wixie and work on assignments and projects from any computer and most tablets connected to the Web.  (Cost:  Prices start at $5.00 a student and volume discounts are available.


WWW (world-wide web) vs. the “Internet”:  WWW is a browsing system that allows users of the Internet to easily navigate using the point-and-click method.  It uses hypertext to link connections on the Internet, with access to graphics, sound, and text.  The Internet is the global collection of computer networks that uses TCP/IP protocols that evolved from ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) that was developed in the late 1960's and early 1970's by the United States Department of Defense as a network that could withstand a nuclear war.  


Zamzar:  It is a web application to convert files.  It allows user to convert files without downloading a software tool, and supports over 1,000 different conversion types.  Users can type in a URL or upload one or more files (if they are all of the same format) from their computer, Zamzar then converts the file(s) to another user-specified format.  For example, from an Adobe PDF file to a Microsoft Word document.  Music formats include: aac, ac3, flac, m4a, mp3, ra, ram, wav, wma.  Video formats include: 3g2, 3gp, avi, flv, gvi, m4v, mov, mp4, mpg, rm, rmvb, vob, wmv.  Image formats include: bmp, gif, jpg, pcx, png, tga, tiff, wbmp.  Document formats include: csv, doc, docx, odp, ods, odt, pdf, ppt, pptx, ps, pub, rtf, wpd, wps, xls, xlsx.  (Beginner’s note:  Wait until upload is completed before closing your browser.  Larger files might take a couple minutes.)  Users receive an email with a URL from where they can download the converted file.  It is also possible to send files for conversion by emailing them to Zamzar.  (Cost:  currently free to use at  However, users can pay a monthly subscription in order to access preferential features, such as online file management, shorter response and queuing times and other benefits.  Another free option:  Format Factory at


Zaption,  Make instructional videos.  Find high quality videos on any topic.  Browse our gallery for great ready-to-use lessons.  Customize by adding images, text, and questions to any online video, creating interactive lessons that meet your learners’ needs.  Works with desktop and tablet web browsers, or with our native app for iPad and iPhone.  Share video lessons with a simple link, or embed directly in your LMS, blog, or website.  Get personal responses from students to measure understanding.  (Cost:  free.)


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